Weston Price: Nutrition and Physical Degeneration; Table of Contents
Buy the book at magnitolka.info (8th edition, ): Nutrition and Physical Degeneration Member American Association of Physical Anthropologists Author. Sun, 18 Nov GMT Weston. Price: Nutrition and. Physical. Degeneration; first posted: Date most recently Physical. Degeneration ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and. Mobi Format. This past week, 9 years later, I decided, prompted by some discussions online and here, to re-read it: "Nutrition and Physical Degeneration," by Weston A. Price.
All diseases of bacterial origin have decreased in a striking manner. Nevertheless, in spite of the triumphs of medical science, the problem of disease is far from solved. Modern man is delicate. Eleven hundred thousand persons have to attend the medical needs of , other persons.
Dr. Price and the Underlying Theme of Nutrition and Physical Degeneration
Every year, among this population of the United States, there are about , illnesses, serious or slight. In the hospitals,beds are occupied every day of the year. The organism seems to have become more susceptible to degenerative diseases.
The present health condition in the United States is reported from time to time by several agencies representing special phases of the health program. Probably no one is so well informed in all of the phases of health as is the head of this important department of the government. In his recent preliminary report 1 to state and local officers for their information and guidance, he presented data that have been gathered by a large group of government workers. The report includes a census of the health conditions of all the groups constituting the population of the United States--records of the health status and of the economic status of 2, individuals living in various sections, in various types of communities, on various economic levels.
The data include records on every age-group. He makes the following interpretations based upon the assumption that the 2, offer a fair sampling of the population, and he indicates the conclusions which may be drawn regarding conditions of status for the total population of some , people. Every day one out of twenty people is too sick to go to school or work, or attend his customary activities. Every man, woman and child on the average in the nation suffers ten days of incapacity annually.
The average youngster is sick in bed seven days of the year, the average oldster 35 days. Two million five hundred thousand people 42 per cent of the 6, sick every day suffer from chronic diseases-heart disease, hardening of the arteries, rheumatism, and nervous diseases. Sixty-five thousand people are totally deaf; 75, more are deaf and dumb;lack a hand, arm, foot or leg;have permanent spinal injuries;are blind; 1, more are permanent cripples.
In Relief families one in every 20 family heads is disabled. Relief and low-income families are sick longer as well as more often than better-financed families. They call doctors less often. But the poor, especially in big cities, get to stay in hospitals longer than their better-off neighbors.
Nutrition and Physical Degeneration
It is apparent that inadequate diet, poor housing, the hazards of occupation and the instability of the labor market definitely create immediate health problems. It will be seen from this report that the group expressed as oldsters, who spend on an average thirty-five days per year in bed, are sick in bed one-tenth of the time. Those of us who are well, who may have been so fortunate as to spend very little time in bed, will contemplate this fact with considerable concern since it expresses a vast amount of suffering and enforced idleness.
It is clear that so great an incidence of morbidity must place a heavy load upon those who at the time are well. The problem of the progressive increase in percentage of individuals affected with heart disease and cancer is adequate cause for alarm. Statistics have been published by the Department of Public Health in New York City which show the increase in the incidence of heart disease to have progressed steadily during the years from to The figures provided in their report reveal an increase from This constitutes an increase of 60 per cent.
Cancer increased 90 per cent from to That this problem of serious degeneration of our modern civilization is not limited to the people of the United States has been commented on at length by workers in many countries. Sir Arbuthnot Lane, one of England's distinguished surgeons, and a student of public welfare, has made this comment: The decline in white population that is taking place in many communities throughout several countries illustrates the widespread working of the forces that are responsible for this degeneration.
In discussing this matter in its relation to Australia, S. Wolstenhole, 3 lecturer in economics at Sydney University, predicts that: A decline in Australia's population is inevitable within 40 years because of the absence of a vigorous population policy. Students of our modern social problems are recognizing that these problems are not limited to health conditions which we have been accustomed to think of as bodily diseases. This is illustrated in a recent discussion by Will Durant: The threatened deterioration of our stock.
The purchasing power of our people must rise as fast as the power to procure. The third problem is moral. A civilization depends upon morals for a social and governmental order. The sources of statesmanship are drying up. Dental caries or tooth decay is recognized as affecting more individuals throughout the so-called civilized world today than any other affection.
In the United States, England and Europe examinations of highly modernized groups, consisting of several million individuals, reveal the fact that from 85 to per cent of the individuals in various communities are suffering from this affection. As a contributing factor to absence from school among children it leads all other affections.
From the standpoint of injury to health, it has been estimated by many to be the most serious contributing factor through its involvement of other organs of the body. Young, Minister of Health of New Zealand, strongly emphasized that the insidiousness of the effect of dental disease lies in the fact that it is the forerunner of other far-reaching disturbances and he has referred to the seriousness with which it is viewed in England as follows: Hooton, of Harvard University, has emphasized the importance of oral sepsis and the task of stopping tooth decay.
I firmly believe that the health of humanity is at stake, and that, unless steps are taken to discover preventives of tooth infection and correctives of dental deformation, the course of human evolution will lead downward to extinction. The facts that we must face are, in brief, that human teeth and the human mouth have become, possibly under the influence of civilization, the foci of infections that undermine the entire bodily health of the species and that degenerative tendencies in evolution have manifested themselves in modern man to such an extent that our jaws are too small for the teeth which they are supposed to accommodate, and that, as a consequence, these teeth erupt so irregularly that their fundamental efficiency is often entirely or nearly destroyed.
In discussing the strategic situation of dental science, Dr. In my opinion there is one and only one course of action which will check the increase of dental disease and degeneration which may ultimately cause the extinction of the human species. This is to elevate the dental profession to a plane on which it can command the services of our best research minds to study the causes and seek for the cures of these dental evils.
The dental practitioner should equip himself to become the agent of an intelligent control of human evolution, insofar as it is affected by diet. Let us go to the ignorant savage, consider his way of eating, and be wise.
Let us cease pretending that tooth-brushes and tooth-paste are any more important than shoe-brushes and shoe-polish. It is store food which has given us store teeth. Students of history have continually commented upon the superior teeth of the so-called savages including the human types that have preceded our modernized groups. While dental caries has been found occasionally in several animal species through the recent geologic ages, the teeth of the human species have been comparatively free from dental caries.
Primitive human beings have been freer from the disease than has contemporary animal life. This absence of tooth decay among primitive races has been so striking a characteristic of human kind that many commentators have referred to it as a strikingly modern disease.
Dryer, 6 in discussing dental caries in the pre-historic South Africans, makes this comment: In not one of a very large collection of teeth from skulls obtained in the Matjes River Shelter Holocene was there the slightest sign of dental caries. The indication from this area, therefore, bears out the experience of European anthropologists that caries is a comparatively modern disease and that no skull showing this condition can be regarded as ancient.
In connection with the studies reported in this volume, it is of particular importance that a desire to find the cause of dental caries was the primary reason for undertaking these investigations. Since it was exceedingly difficult to find in our modern social organization any large group with relatively high immunity to dental caries, a search was made for such control groups among remnants of primitive racial stocks that could also be examined at the point of contact with modern civilization in order that the changes associated with their racial loss of immunity might be noted.
Probably few problems with which our modern social groups are concerned have been so inadequately understood not only by the laity, but by the members of the medical and dental professions as has this problem of the cause of dental caries. The problem of correcting dental arch deformities and thereby improving facial form has developed a specialty in dentistry known as "orthodontia. The blending of racial stocks that differ radically in facial form has been said by many to be the chief factor contributing to the creation of deformities of the face.
Crowded teeth have been said to be due to the inheritance of the large teeth of one parent and the small bone formation of the other and that such inheritances would provide dental arches that are too small for the teeth that have been made for them.
A more general explanation for certain types of deformity, particularly for the protruding of the upper teeth over the lower, is that they result from thumb sucking, which tends to bring the upper arch forward and to depress the lower.
Among the other contributing factors named have been faulty sleeping and breathing habits. To these has been assigned much of the blame.
This problem of facial form, as well as that of bodily design, including dental arch design, is so directly a problem of growth, not only of individuals, but of races themselves, that certain laws have been very definitely worked out by physical anthropologists as laws of development. They have assumed that changes in physical type can occur only through the impact of changes in the environment which have affected a great number of generations.
It is important to keep this viewpoint in mind as the succeeding chapters are read, for they contain descriptions of many changes in physical form that have occurred routinely in the various racial groups, even during the first generation after the parents have adopted the foods of modern civilization. Many of our modern writers have recognized and have emphasized the seriousness of mental and moral degeneration.
Laird has made a splendid contribution under the title "The Tail That Wags the Nation," 7 in which he states: The country's average level of general ability sinks lower with each generation. Should the ballot be restricted to citizens able to take care of themselves? One out of four cannot. The tail is now wagging Washington, and Wall St.
Each generation has seen some lowering of the American average level of general ability. In Laird's analysis of our present situation he has stressed a very important phase.
While emphasizing that the degeneration is not limited to restricted areas, he raises the question as to whether local conditions in certain areas play important roles in the rate and extent to which degeneration has taken place. He says further, 7 Although we might cite any one of nearly two dozen states, we will first mention Vermont by name because that is the place studied by the late Dr. In other words, nearly one-third of the whole population of that state is of a type to require some supervision.
Edward Lee Thorndike, 8 of Columbia University, says that "thinking is as biological as digestion. Another of the distinguished students of mental capacity, J.
If morality and intellect are finally demonstrated to be correlated throughout the whole range of individual differences, it is probably the most profoundly significant fact with which society has to deal. The origin of backwardness in a child seems to have been assigned very largely to some experience in that child's life which becomes a conditioning factor and which thereafter strongly influences his behavior.
The problem of the relation of physical defects to delinquency in its various phases, including major crime, constitutes one of the most alarming aspects of our modern problems in social degeneration. Chassell 10 has made an exhaustive study of the reports from workers in different fields in several countries and summarizes her finding as follows: Both at London and at Birmingham between 60 and 70 per cent belong to the innately "dull" category. In the majority the outstanding cause is a general inferiority of intellectual capacity, presumably inborn and frequently hereditary.
In discussing the relationship between general physical weakness and the mentally backward, he writes: Old and time-honoured as it must seem to the schoolmaster, the problem of the backward child has never been attacked by systematic research until quite recently.
We know little about causes, and still less about treatment. Thirdly, though the vast majority of backward children per cent in an area like London--prove to be suffering from minor bodily ailments or from continued ill-health, nevertheless general physical weakness is rarely the main factor.
Nutrition and Physical Degeneration: A Comparison of Primitive and Modern Diets and Their Effects
Among the many surveys made in the study of the forces that are responsible for producing delinquency and criminality, practically all the workers in this field have testified to the obscure nature of those forces. Burt 12 says that, "it is almost as though crime were some contagious disease, to which the constitutionally susceptible were suddenly exposed at puberty, or to which puberty left them peculiarly prone.
Most repeated offenders are far from robust; they are frail, sickly, and infirm. Indeed, so regularly is chronic moral disorder associated with chronic physical disorder that many have contended that crime is a disease, or at least a symptom of disease, needing the doctor more than the magistrate, physic rather than the whip. The frequency among juvenile delinquents of bodily weakness and ill health has been remarked by almost every recent writer.
In my own series of cases nearly 70 per cent were suffering from such defects; and nearly 50 per cent were in urgent need of medical treatment.
Of all the psychological causes of crime, the commonest and the gravest is usually alleged to be defective mind. The most eminent authorities, employing the most elaborate methods of scientific analysis, have been led to enunciate some such belief.
In England, for example, Dr. The native americans and Andean tribes got it from the organs of animals and the eggs of birds. The pacific islanders and coastal natives got it from seafood and the Australian Aborigines and African tribes got it from small animals and insects.
Dr. Price and the Underlying Theme of Nutrition and Physical Degeneration
The natives had no problems with tooth decay. They got enough nutrition in their foods that the saliva composition protected their teeth without brushing or modern methods of cleaning teeth. When the proper chemical content of the saliva is reinstituted, bacterial growth is stopped and the tooth will harden in the area of the cavity. Even in natives where the tooth was worn down to the gum line, the body was protected from bacterial infection by new layer of dentine where the pulp was exposed.
When these defensive factors are not present the acid producing organisms multiply and produce an acid which dissolves tooth structure.
The origin of this protective factor is provided in nutrition and is directly related to the mineral content of the foods and to known and unknown vitamins particularly the fat-soluable. Many of the children had vary large cavities which had decalcified the tooth to the pulp chamber. After the nutrition was improved, the tissues of the pulp built in a secodary dentine thus reincasing itself and the decay was inhibited.
About four ounces of tomato juice or orange juice and a teaspoonful of a mixture of equal parts of a very high vitamin natural cod liver oil Vitamin A and an especially high vitamin butter was given at the beginning of the meal.
They then received a bowl containing approximately a pint of very rich vegetable and meat stew, made largely from bone marrow and fine cuts of tender meat: Each child was also given two glasses of fresh whole milk.
The menu was varied from day to day by substituting for the meat stew, fish chowder or organs of animals These meals provided approximately 1. Dental caries is only one of the many expressions of our modern deficient nutritions.
If cattle are in gestation too often and fed foods low in chlorophyl the nutritional value of their milk is depleted. Reduce intake of white flour, sugar, and over processed foods. Increase intake of whole grains, freshly ground wheat, dairy products, fruits and vegetables.