Arguments for a pre CE Dating of Matthew's Gospel — Danny Zacharias
Matthew 16 - The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired Mat - But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan. Listen to Matthew 16 using the KJV Bible online. Easily hear Scripture read as you study the Bible!. 23 Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a Matthew Some early manuscripts do not have When evening comes of the times.
Notable by its relative absence in arguments for a late dating is Matthew's Olivet Discourse. If the destruction of the temple were to leave any residue on the text, surely it would be here. Luke very deliberately does so in his redaction of Mark 13, and we might expect Matthew to do the same had it been written after In this list, I will put them in the order of strongest to weakest arguments.
Approving of the Temple Tax. Jesus in Matthew approves of the temple tax in Matt While it is of course conceivable that Matthew is simply passing on Jesus tradition faithfully, the issue is that the temple tax after 70 CE became a tax for the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus in Rome.
This exhortation not only shows Matthews concern to win Jews. Nor can we suppose that Matthew is urging Jewish Christians to support the school of pharisaical rabbis that formed in jam yet during the aftermath of the Jewish rebellion, for he excoriates the Pharisees throughout his Gospel.
The argument from Swearing by the Temple.
Matthew KJV - But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get - Bible Gateway
In a section unique to Matthew, Matt While again this may be a faithful passing on of Jesus material, it nonetheless becomes antiquated post CE, and if Matthew was the composer, it would make even less sense. Gift at the Altar. Like the previous passage, Matt 5: What is interesting about Matthew's version is that he makes a verb change to a present for the verb "saying,", making it a Historic Present that stands out.
He then also edits Mark's verb "turning" to a present tense as well: Fleeing on the Sabbath.Are They Too Old/Young for You???
Jesus in Matt Yet if Eusebius is trustworthy, we know what happened: The discourse is a set of parables emphasising the sovereignty of God, and concluding with a challenge to the disciples to understand the teachings as scribes of the kingdom of heaven.
Confession of Peter The fourth narrative section reveals that the increasing opposition to Jesus will result in his crucifixion in Jerusalem, and that his disciples must therefore prepare for his absence.
Matthew 16 :: New King James Version (NKJV)
This section contains Matthew Fifth narrative and discourse[ edit ] Main article: Second Coming Jesus travels toward Jerusalem, and the opposition intensifies: He teaches in the Temple, debating with the chief priests and religious leaders and speaking in parables about the Kingdom of God and the failings of the chief priests and the Pharisees. The Herodian caucus also become involved in a scheme to entangle Jesus Matthew The disciples ask about the future, and in his final discourse the Olivet Discourse Jesus speaks of the coming end.
At the end of the discourse, Matthew notes that Jesus has finished all his words, and attention turns to the crucifixion.
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Passion, Resurrection and Great Commission[ edit ] The events of Jesus' last week occupy a third of the content of all four gospels. He is tried by the Jewish leaders the Sanhedrin and before Pontius Pilateand Pilate washes his hands to indicate that he does not assume responsibility.
Jesus is crucified as king of the Jews, mocked by all. On his death there is an earthquake, the veil of the Temple is rent, and saints rise from their tombs. Mary Magdalene and another Mary discover the empty tomb, guarded by an angeland Jesus himself tells them to tell the disciples to meet him in Galilee.
After the resurrection the remaining disciples return to Galilee, "to the mountain that Jesus had appointed", where he comes to them and tells them that he has been given "all authority in heaven and on Earth. Jesus will be with them "to the very end of the age".